January 4, 2012

Prof. John Paul Adams - Portraits of the Popes on their Medals



link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1130; The Ombrellone and crossed keys
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1159; The Ombrellone and crossed keys





link to notes concerning the Sede Vacante of 1268-1271
The Ombrellone, symbol of the Sede Vacante





link to page concerning the Conclave of July 1276
The Ombrellone, symbol of the Sede Vacante





link to page concerning the Conclave of  May-Nov, 1277
The Ombrellone, symbol of the Sede Vacante





link to page concerning the Conclave of  April 1-2, 1285
The Ombrellone, symbol of the Sede Vacante





link to page concerning the Conclave of  April 1292 to July 1294
The Ombrellone, symbol of the Sede Vacante





link to page concerning  the Conclave of 1303; the ombrellone and crossed keys
link to page concerning  the Conclave of 1304-1305; the ombrellone and crossed key





link to page concerning  the Conclave of 1314-1316; the ombrellone and crossed keys
link to page concerning  the  Conclave of 1334; the ombrellone and crossed keys





link to page concerning  the Conclave of 1352; the ombrellone and crossed keys
link to page concerning  the  Conclave of 1417; the ombrellone and crossed keys




link to page concerning  the Conclaves of 1378; the ombrellone and crossed keys
link to page concerning  the  Conclave of 1417; the ombrellone and crossed keys




link to page concerning Pope Eugenius IV
The Ombrellone, symbol of the Sede Vacante

MARTIN V
Oddo Colonna
(1417-1431)




link to page concerning Pope Eugenius IV
link to page concerning Pope Nicolaus V

EUGENIUS IV
Gabriele Condulmaro
(1431–1447)

NICHOLAS V
Tommaso Parentucelli
(1447-1455)


link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1447; stemma of Cardinal Scarampi
link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 1455; stemma of Cardinal Scarampi

SEDE VACANTE
(1447)
Ludovico Cardinal
Scarampi Trevisano

SEDE VACANTE
(1455)
Ludovico Cardinal
Scarampi Trevisano




link to page concerning Pope Calixtus III (Borgia)
link to page concerning Pope Pius II (Piccolomini); copy of a medal by Andrea Guazzalotti

CALIXTUS III
Alfonso de Borja
(1455-1458)

PIUS II
Aeneas Piccolomini
(1458-1464)



link to page concerning Pope Paul II
link to page concerning Pope Sixtus IV

PAUL II
Pietro Barbo
(1464–1471)

SIXTUS IV
Francesco della Rovere
(1471–1484)


link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1484; Tstemma of Cardinal Riario
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1492; The coat of arms of Cardinal Raffaele Riario

SEDE VACANTE
(1484)
Raffele Sansoni
Cardinal Riario

SEDE VACANTE
(1492)
Raffaele Sansoni
Cardinal Riario




link to page concerning Pope Innocent VIII
link to page concerning Pope Alexander VI (Borgia)

INNOCENT VIII
Giovanni Battista
Cibo
(1484-1492)

Alexander VI
Rodrigo de Borja
y Borja
(1492-1503)


link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1503 September; The Arms of Cardinal Riario
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1503, November; The coat of arms of Cardinal Riario

SEDE VACANTE, I
(1503)
Raffaele Sansoni
Cardinal Riario

SEDE VACANTE, II
(1503)
Raffaele Sansoni
Cardinal Riario




link to page concerning Pope Pius III (Todeschini-Piccolomini)
link to page concerning Pope Julius II (Della Rovere); medal by Gian Cristoforo Romano

PIUS III
Francesco Todeschini
(1503)

JULIUS II
Giuliano della Rovere
(1503-1513)




link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1513; The stemma of Cardinal Riario, Camerlengo
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1521-1522; Stemma of Cardinal Armellini de' Medici

SEDE VACANTE
(1513)
Raffaele Sansoni
Cardinal Riario

SEDE VACANTE
(1521-1522)
Francesco Armellini
Cardinal de' Medici


link to page concerning Pope Leo X (Medici)
link to page concerning Pope Adrian VI (Dedel)

LEO X
Giovanni de' Medici
(1513-1521)

ADRIAN VI
Adrian Florensz Dedel
(1522-1523)





link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1523; Stemma of Cardinal Armellini
Stemma of Cardinal Spinola; link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1534

Sede Vacante
(1523)

Francesco Armellini
Cardinal de' Medici

Sede Vacante
(1534)

Agostino
Cardinal Spinola





link to page concerning medals of Pope Clement VII (Medici)
link to page containing a bibliography of Papal Conclaves; image of ombrellone and crossed keys

CLEMENT VII
Giulio de' Medici
(1523-1534)

CONCLAVE
BIBLIOGRAPHY



link to page concerning Pope Paul III (Farnese), 1549
The Stemma of Cardinal Ascanio Sforza, link to Sede Vacante, 1549-1550

PAUL III
Alessandro Farnese
(1534-1549)

SEDE VACANTE
(1549-1550)

Guido Ascanio
Cardinal Sforza



link to page concerning Pope Julius III
link to page concerning Pope Marcellus II (Cervini)

JULIUS III
Giovanni Ciocchi
del Monte
(1550–1555)

MARCELLUS II
Marcello Cervini
(1555)




link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1585;  Arms of Card. Guastavillini
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1590; The Ombrellone and crossed keys

SEDE VACANTE
(1555)
Guido Ascanio
Cardinal Sforza

SEDE VACANTE
(1555)
Guido Ascanio
Cardinal Sforza




link to page concerning Pope Paul IV (Carafa)
link to page concerning Pope Pius IV (Medici)

PAUL IV
Giampietro Carafa
(1555 — 1559)

PIUS IV
Giovanni Medici
(1559 – 1565)


link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1559;  Arms of Card. Sforza
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1565-66; The Ombrellone and crossed keys

SEDE VACANTE
(1559)

Guido Ascanio
Cardinal Sforza

SEDE VACANTE
(1565-1566)
Vitellozzo
Cardinal Vitelli


link to page concerning the office of  Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1572; The Ombrellone and crossed keys

THE OFFICE OF
CAMERLENGO


SEDE VACANTE
(1572)
Luigi Cardinal
Cornaro


link to page concerning Pope Pius V
link to page concerning Pope Gregory XIII

PIUS V
Michele Ghisliere
(1566–1572)

GREGORY XIII
Ugo Boncompagni
(1572–1585)




link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1585;  Arms of Card. Guastavillini
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1590; the coat of arms of Cardinal Enrico Caetani

SEDE VACANTE
(1585)
Filippo
Cardinal Guastavillani

SEDE VACANTE
(1590)
Enrico Cardinal
Caetani




link to page concerning Pope Sixtus V (Peretti)
link to page concerning Pope Gregory XIV (Sfondrati)

SIXTUS V
Felice Peretti
(1585-1590)

GREGORY XIV
Niccolò Sfondrati
(1590–1591)





link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 1591;  the coat of arms of Cardinal Enrico Caetani
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1590; the coat of arms of Cardinal Enrico Caetani

SEDE VACANTE
(1591)
Enrico Cardinal
Caetani

SEDE VACANTE
(1591-1592)
Enrico Cardinal
Caetani


link to page concerning Innocent IX
link to page concerning  Pope Clement VIII

INNOCENT IX
Giovanni Fachinetti
(1591)

CLEMENT VIII
Ippolito Aldobrandini
(1592–1605)





link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1591;  arms of  Card. Aldobrandini
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1590;  arms of Cardinal Aldobrandini

SEDE VACANTE
(March 1605)
Pietro Cardinal
Aldobrandini

SEDE VACANTE
(April 1605)
Pietro Cardinal
Aldobrandini


link to page concerning Pope Leo XI, April 1605
link to page concerning Paul V, Year 8

LEO XI
Alessandro de' Medici
(1605)

PAUL V
Camillo Borghese
(1605–1621)



link to page concerning  the Sede vacante 1621; arms of Cardinal Aldobrandini
link to page concerning Pope Gregory 15

SEDE VACANTE
(1621)
Pietro
Cardinal Aldobrandini

GREGORY XV
Alessandro Ludovisi
(1621–1623)



link to page concerning Urban VIII
link to page concerning Innocent X

URBAN VIII
Maffeo Barberini
(1623–1644)

INNOCENT X
Giambattista Pamfilj
(1644–1655)



link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1644, Antonio Card. Barberini, Camerlengo

link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 1655, Antonio Card. Barberini, Camerlengo


SEDE VACANTE
(1644)

Antonio Cardinal Barberini

SEDE VACANTE
(1655)

Antonio
Cardinal Barberini



link to page concerning Pope Alexander VII
link to page concerning Pope Clement IX

ALEXANDER VII
Fabio Chigi
(1655–1667)

CLEMENT IX
Giulio Rospigliosi
(1667–1670)



link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 1667, Antonio Card. Barberini, Camerlengo

link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 1670, Antonio Card. Barberini, Camerlengo


SEDE VACANTE
(1667)

Antonio Cardinal Barberini

SEDE VACANTE
(1670)

Antonio
Cardinal Barberini



link to page concerning Pope Clement X
link to page concerning Pope Innocent XI

CLEMENT X
Emilio Altieri
(1670-1676)

INNOCENT XI
Benedetto Odescalchi
(1676-1689)



link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante 1676
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante 1689

SEDE VACANTE
(1676)

Paluzzo Card. Altieri
degli Albertoni

SEDE VACANTE
(1689)

Paluzzo Card. Altieri
degli Albertoni



link to page concerning Pope Alexander VIII
link to page concerning Pope Innocent XII

ALEXANDER VIII
Pietro Ottoboni
(1689-1691)

INNOCENT XII
Antonio Pignatelli
(1691-1700)



link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1691
link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1700

SEDE VACANTE
(1691)

Paluzzo Card. Altieri
degli Albertoni

SEDE VACANTE
(1700)

Giovanni Card. Spinola



link to page concerning Pope Clement XI
link to page concerning Pope Innocent XIII

CLEMENT XI
Giovanni Francesco
Albani
(1700-1721)

INNOCENT XIII
Michelangelo dei Conti
(1721-1724)


link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1721:  The Ombrellone umbrella and crossed keys
link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1724:  the Ombrellone with crossed keys

SEDE VACANTE
(1721)

Annibale Card. Albani

SEDE VACANTE
(1724)

Annibale Card. Albani


link to page concerning Pope Benedict XIII Orsini
link to page concerning Pope Clement XII

BENEDICT XIII
Pietro Orsini
(1724–1730)

CLEMENT XII
Lorenzo Corsini
(1730-1740)




link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1730:  The Ombrellone umbrella and crossed keys
link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1740:  a coin with the arms of Cardinal Albani

SEDE VACANTE
(1730)

Annibale Card. Albani

SEDE VACANTE
(1740)

Annibale Card. Albani


link to page concerning Pope Benedict XIV Lambertini
link to page concerning Pope Clement XIII (Rezzonico)

BENEDICT XIV
Lorenzo Lambertini
(1740-1758)

CLEMENT XIII
Carlo della Torre
Rezzonico
(1758-1769)



link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1758
link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1769

SEDE VACANTE
(1758)

Girolamo
Card. Colonna

SEDE VACANTE
(1769)

Carlo
Card. Rezzonico



link to page concerning Pope Clement XIV
link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1774

CLEMENT XIV
Lorenzo Ganganelli
(1769–1774)

SEDE VACANTE
(1774)

Carlo
Card. Rezzonico



link to page concerning Pope Pius VI
link to page concerning Pope Pius VII

PIUS VI
Giovanni Braschi
(1775–1799)

PIUS VII
Luigi Chiaramonte
(1800–1823)




link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1799-1800
link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1823


SEDE VACANTE
(1823)

Bartolommeo
Card. Pacca




link to page concerning Pope Leo XII
link to page concerning Pope Pius VIII; image of  a coin of Pius VIII

LEO XII
Annibale della Genga
(1823–1829)

PIUS VIII
Francesco Castiglione
(1829–1830)




link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1829
link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1830

Sede Vacante
(1829)

Pietro Francesco
Cardinal Galeffi

Sede Vacante
(1830–1831)

Pietro Francesco
Cardinal Galeffi




link to page concerning Pope Gregory XVI
link to page concerning Pope Pius IX

GREGORY XVI
Bartolomeo Cappellari
(1831–1846)

PIUS IX
Giovanni
Mastai-Ferretti
(1846–1878)





link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1846
link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1878: Card. Pecci; portrait of Pecci in 1844

SEDE VACANTE
(1846)

Tomasso Card. Riario
Sforza

SEDE VACANTE
(1878)

Gioacchino Vincenzo
Card. Pecci




link to page concerning Pope Leo XIII (Pecci)
link to page concerning Pope Pius X (Sarto)

LEO XIII
Gioacchino Pecci
(1878–1903)

PIUS X
Giuseppe Sarto
(1903–1914)




The Papal States having been
occupied and its sovereignty
compromised
(1870-1929),
no coins were issued.

The Papal States having been
occupied and its sovereignty
compromised
(1870-1929),
no coins were issued
.


SEDE VACANTE
(1903)

Luigi Card. Oreglia

SEDE VACANTE
(1914)

Francesco Card.
Della Volpe




link to page concerning Pope Benedict XV
link to page concerning Pope Pius XI (Ratti)

BENEDICT XV
Giacomo Della Chiesa
(1914–1922)

PIUS XI
Achille Ratti
(1922–1939)




The Papal States having been
occupied and its sovereignty
compromised
(1870-1929),
no coins were issued.

link to page concerning the Sede Vacante 1939: Card. Pacelli

SEDE VACANTE
(1922)

Pietro Card. Gasparri

SEDE VACANTE
(1939)

Eugenio Card. Pacelli




link to page concerning Pope Pius XII (Pacelli)
link to page concerning John XXIII (Roncalli), Year 3

PIUS XII
Eugenio Pacelli
(1939–1958)

JOHN XXIII
Angelo Roncalli
(1958–1963)


link to page concerning the Sede Vacante 1958
link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante 1963

SEDE VACANTE
(1958)

Benedetto Cardinal
Aloisi Masella

SEDE VACANTE
(1963)

Benedetto Cardinal
Aloisi Masella


link to page concerning Pope Paul VI (Montini)
link to page concerning Pope John Paul I (Luciani)

PAUL VI
Giovanni Battista
Montini
(1963–1978)

JOHN PAUL I
Albino Luciani
(1978)




link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1978: Card. Villot
link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1978: Card. Villot

SEDE VACANTE
(1978 August)
Jean Cardinal Villot

SEDE VACANTE
(1978 September)
Jean Cardinal Villot




link to page concerning Pope John Paul II (Wojtyla)
link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 2005, Eduardo Card. Martinez Somalo, Camerlengo

JOHN PAUL II
Karol Wojtyla
( 1978–2005 )

SEDE VACANTE
(April 2–19, 2005 )
Eduardo Card.
Martínez Somalò




Photo of Pope Benedict XVI  (Ratzinger)
The Coat of Arms of Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone, Cardinal Camerlengo

BENEDICT XVI
Jozef Ratzinger
( 2005– )

Tarcisio Cardinal
Bertone
Camerlengo
April 4, 2007